Welcome to the Wendish Research Exchange's WendBlogs section. Here you will read the musings and advice from one of several Wendish Blogmeisters whom have generously volunteered their time to participate. Please recognize that responses to your comments may or may not be forthcoming, but you are certainly encouraged to comment.


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Charles Wukasch (A Practical Gramm…): Some of you may know about this already, but here are two interesting websites they’ve added to Omni…
Charles Wukasch (Martin Luther and…): One minor correction on an earlier message: I said that the Wendish custom of Hexenbrennen (witch b…
David Zersen (Martin Luther and…): I have a lovely memory of being on top of the Brocken in the Harz mountains as I told the story of t…
Charles Wukasch (Martin Luther and…): Wendish: chodojtypalenje German: Hexenbrennen English: witch burning One of my Wendis…
Charles Wukasch (A Practical Gramm…): Abbreviations: N = nominative case, A = accusative case, G = genitive case, D = dative case, P = pre…
Charles Wukasch (A Practical Gramm…): Instrumental Case We have one more case to discuss, with the exception of the uncommon vocative ca…


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Welcome To My Blog!

Sunday 23 March 2025 at 5:21 pm

Dr. Charles Wukasch (Wendish:  Korla Wukaš) holds B.A. (Russian), M.A. (Slavic linguistics), and Ph.D. (Slavic linguistics) degrees from the University of Texas at Austin.  He spent the spring semester of 1965 at the University of Leipzig, the only university in the world with a program in Wendish (Sorbian is the preferred scholarly term).

He is Wendish on his paternal side; his grandmother was Emma Wukasch née Hannusch.  He has written two books on Wendish language and history, and has written numerous reviews of scholarly books on Wendish and other Eastern European languages and cultures.  He has given papers at scholarly conferences and has talked before church, senior, etc. groups.

Dr Charles Wukasch's Works

Wednesday 27 March 2024 at 11:33 am

Use this list as a guide to the documents in the blog. Entries in bold are in his blog.

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Marja Grólmusec: The Rosa Luxemburg of the Sorbs

Friday 14 September 2018 at 8:20 pm

“Marja Grólmusec: The Rosa Luxemburg of the Sorbs”  is a paper by Dr Charles Wukasch that was presented to the Slavic and East European Languages and Literatures Section of the South Central Modern Language Association Convention that was held in New Orleans, Louisiana on 29 October 2004.

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Charles Wukasch 2017 Lecture in Leipzig, Germany

Tuesday 26 June 2018 at 01:27 am

Jan Slack asked Charles Wukasch the following questions: 

Was your lecture at Leipzig last year well attended?  Were there questions from the audience?  If so, do you remember any of the questions you were asked?

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Wends (Sorbs) in the United States

Monday 14 May 2018 at 01:11 am

This article by Charles Wukasch first appeared on pages 1589-1590 in American Folklore: An Encyclopedia edited by Jan Harold Brunvand and published in 1996 by Garland Publishing, Inc., New York, NY.

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Rev. Zejler and an Old Wendish Sinner

Saturday 10 June 2017 at 10:17 am

The Rev. Handrij Zejler (1804 – 1872) is the second most famous pastor who was both Lutheran and Wendish. The most famous, of course, is our own Rev. Jan Kilian. Rev. Zejler is also one of the two most famous Wendish poets who wrote in Upper Wendish, the other being the Catholic priest Jakub Bart-Ćišinski. (The Rev. Mato Kosyk was a Lower Wend and wrote in Lower Wendish.)

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Traces of Jan Kilian in Texas

Tuesday 09 May 2017 at 7:31 pm

The following article by Rachel Hildebrandt first appeared in Upper Sorbian in Rozhlad, 50 (2000) čo 6, pp. 216-218. It was translated into English by Dr. Gerald Stone.

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Serbska folklora w Texasu

Friday 05 May 2017 at 12:50 am

The following article by Dr. Charles Wukasch  first appeared in Rozhlad, 50 (2000) čo 6, pp. 218-219.

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Martin Luther and Witches

Thursday 30 March 2017 at 12:19 pm

Jara zajimawe! Sehr interessant! Very interesting!

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Charles Wukasch Attends Sorbian Language Classes

Tuesday 14 February 2017 at 6:10 pm

The following article first appeared in the Sächsische Zeitung on Tuesday, 19 July 2016. The original German follows the English translation done by Weldon Mersiovsky and Charles Wukasch.

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My [2017] Trip to Leipzig & Bautzen

Monday 13 February 2017 at 5:06 pm

Report on Charles Wukasch's trip to Leipzig and Bautzen while living in Poland for about a year.


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Review of Satava

Sunday 13 November 2016 at 8:32 pm
Language death occurs usually as a combination of circumstances. In the Lower Sorbian area the cohesion of the language area with its dialectal features was considerably reduced by moving entirevillage populations to other areas in order to get easily to the lignite coal deposits. This in itself required more effort to speak the language across generations. The revivalists in Cottbus thought they could prevent language death by increasing usage but as Harrison put it so well: when it came to getting together and speak Lower Sorbian as it had been spoken 50-60 years ago, nobody showed up. This, as most revivalists will agree with now, is an impossible task (purism never pays off in such efforts). Then, the mere effort to get people together to speak Lower Sorbian in a natural environment - after a few trials people never showed up - there was simply no motivation. Here one can learn a great deal from the revitalization of indigenous languages where goals are set much lower, i-phones  are used without having to be in a class-room situation, and purism (overcorrection) is a no-no. But you tell that to the Sorbs: "Gunter, we aren't any Indians!" Of course, Lewaszkiewicz is right also - the Sorbs were too enthralled by consumerism rather than making time to maintain and revitalize their language.
my reply to him:
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Frederick the Great and a Wendish Soldier

Saturday 08 October 2016 at 4:42 pm

Dr. Charles Wukasch shares some memories.


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Five Wends in Texas

Friday 09 September 2016 at 1:20 pm

I've been asked to expand a bit on my earlier blog on the Wendish language in Texas.  I'm titling this "Five Wends in Texas."

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Question on German Orthography

Monday 05 September 2016 at 12:24 pm

Weldon Mersiovsky asked me to look through the 19th-century issues of Serbske Nowiny to see if there were references to  the Wendish migrations. I went through a number of them on-line and found a few things.  One thing that surprised me was that, although 99.9% of the articles, advertisements, etc. were in the old Fraktur script, I did come across one article from 1850 or so in the modern script. Did editors experiment with the modern script even back then, but decide that readers preferred Fraktur ?  What do you know about this?

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My Wendish Odyssey by Dr Charles Wukasch

Friday 20 May 2016 at 02:36 am

Odyssey is a bit of an exaggeration since my literary talents are far from those of Homer. Still, I’d like to share my love affair with my Wendish roots (on my father’s side, that is – on my mother’s side, I have no Wendish “blood”). One of the dictionary definitions of Odyssey is “a series of experiences that give knowledge or understanding to someone.”

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A Practical Grammar of Upper Sorbian (Wendish), 2nd Edition, by Dr Charles Wukasch

Monday 16 May 2016 at 3:40 pm


 In the preface to the first edition, I stated that I hoped the grammar would serve at least two purposes: 1) as a self-teaching grammar for those people of Sorbian (Wendish) descent who wished to learn something about the language; 2) as a grammar for a continuing education course in Upper Sorbian or for a course in Upper Sorbian given in a department of Slavic languages. I also added the caveat that my introductory grammar was not intended to substitute for any of the more detailed grammars by native speakers of Upper Sorbian.

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“The Folklore of the Texas Wends” by Charles Wukasch

Sunday 12 July 2015 at 05:13 am

This article by Dr Wukasch first appeared in Concordia Connections 5.3 (1988): 8. 

The Wends pioneered Lutheranism in Texas when they settled in the Serbin (Lee County) area in 1854. Many Concordia alumni are of Wendish ancestry. The letters "sch" in conjunction (as in the author's name) are often seen in Wendish names.


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"Dragons" and Other Supernatural Tales of the Texas Wends by Charles Wukasch

Thursday 14 May 2015 at 04:55 am

Originally published in Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin, Vol LII, Number 1, 1987.

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The Seventh Book of Moses by Charles Wukasch

Thursday 14 May 2015 at 04:44 am

Originally published in Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin, Vol LV, Number 2, 1991.

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A Rock Against Alien Waves: A History of the Wends by Charles Wukasch

Thursday 07 May 2015 at 06:13 am

A Rock Against Alien Waves can be purchased at the museum of the Texas Wendish Heritage Society at Serbin, Texas or online at www.texaswendish.org. The Foreward and Introduction are printed her for your enjoyment and interest.

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The Peoples of Eastern Europe and National Identity: Problems of Definition by Charles Wukasch

Thursday 05 March 2015 at 01:26 am

This is a paper which Dr. Wukasch delivered at the 2006 South Central Modern Language Association conference in Dallas in 2006.

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Trilingualism in Texas: Sorbian, German, and English

Monday 25 August 2014 at 7:42 pm

University of Priština

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Review 1: Sonja Wölke

Friday 22 August 2014 at 10:27 pm

Sonja Wölke. Geschichte der Sorbischen Grammatikschreibung: Von den Anfängen bis zum Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts. (A History of the Writing of Sorbian Grammars: From the Beginnings to the End of the 19th Century.) Schriften des Sorbischen lnstituts 38. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2005. 304 pp. Paper.

Geschichte der Sorbischen Grammatikschreibung: Von den Anfängen bis zum Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts, by Sonja Wölke. Schriften des Sorbischen Instituts 38. Slavic and East European Journal 52 (2008): 339-40.

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Review 4: Walter Koschmal

Friday 22 August 2014 at 9:47 pm

Walter Koschmal. ed. Perspektiven Sorbischer Literatur. Schriften des Komitees der Bundesrepublik Deutschland zur Förderung der Slawischen Studien. 19. Köln: Böhlau, 1993. 328 pp. 78 OM (cloth).

Perspektiven Sorbischer Literatur, ed. Walter Koschmal. Slavic and East European Journal 39 (1995): 153-54

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